Travels with

Recounting the Many Miles and Tall Tales of Odoric of Pordenone

Way before mileage runs were a thing, the footloose friar Odoric spent 12 years crisscrossing Asia and turned his adventures into one of the first must-read travelogues

Had Friar Odoric of Pordenone submitted to a job interview in April 1318, before being despatched from Padua, Italy as a Franciscan missionary-cum-itinerant diplomat, here’s how he might have responded to that ticklish invitation: ‘Tell us about yourself’.

‘I’m 32, took my vows at Udine in northern Italy, and I’m just back from the Balkans and southern Russia where I had my work cut out preaching to the Mongols. Oh, and my father used to work for King Ottokar of Bohemia.’

But could he have provided an accurate response to that HR manager standby: ‘Where do you see yourself in five years’ time?’

In point of fact, the next dozen years saw the footloose friar trot haphazardly across the globe on a mission to put out diplomatic feelers; the previous century, Mongol hordes had laid waste to Poland and Hungary – some bridge-building was in order, and Odo was designated chief engineer.

He began by crossing the Black Sea to Anatolia – dropping in on Franciscan houses in Trabzon and Erzurum (modern-day Turkey) – before preaching his way around the Middle East from Tabriz (Iran) to Baghdad (Iraq), and arriving on the west coast of India at Thane, near Mumbai. Here he picked up the remains of some martyred colleagues, which he happily lugged about the country on his travels, until he found a suitable resting place at a church near Vasai. He later set sail in a junk for Sumatra, via Java and Borneo, before arriving at the Chinese port of Guangzhou.

Credit: Lorenzo Sorato/Unsplash

He didn’t travel alone. At least part of the way, he was accompanied by his BFF (Best Friar Forever), who went by the singular moniker of Brother James of Ireland. I can well understand the attraction of accompanying Odo: fresh horizons, a lust for adventure, a soupçon of fame, to be sure. I can just visualise the pair skipping from port to port, rolling eyes at unfamiliar menus and swapping puns in Latin.

Back home, he settled down to put everything he’d seen and done on parchment. He had the gift of pithy observation, noting the Chinese habit of growing fingernails long and the prevalence of nudity in Sumatra. He was gobsmacked by the concept of paper money. And anything to do with animals got several paragraphs. At a zoo in Hangzhou he witnessed thousands of monkeys summoned by gong at feeding time, and near the Black Sea observed ‘a certain man taking about with him more than 4,000 partridges gathered about him like chickens about a hen.’

Illustrations: Lok Wong

But Odo’s reportage went beyond mere anecdotes: he could see that Asia had many valuable secrets to impart. Pepper, rhubarb, bamboo and sago – all new foodstuffs as far as he was concerned – caught his attention, as did the widespread use of herbal medicine. And he was no blinkered Eurocentric, freely admitting that China’s postal system was far superior to anything that existed in the West.

As far as was possible at a time of limited literacy, Odoric’s travelogue topped the charts – a friar’s must-read eye-view of the ‘exotic Orient’. Contemporary authors plagiarised his text shamelessly, though later critics have raised eyebrows at some of his fanciful tales.

Friar Odoric died near Pisa in 1331 with a full-scale funeral organised. What happened to Brother James, history does not relate: but I like to think of him keeping fellow drinkers spellbound with tales of his riproaring adventures alongside Odoric in some rural shebeen: ‘Honest now, around Canton they train these black birds to catch fish…’

Mileage Run: Odoric vs Today’s Traveller


Odoric: Pordenone, Italy – Hangzhou, China (return)

You: Milan, Italy – Hangzhou, China via Hong Kong (one-way)


Odoric: Around 12 years

You: 15 hours, 15 minutes


Odoric: At least 40

You: Just one

Asia Miles (Economy)

Odoric: 46,200

You: 14,600

(click here to learn more about how you can earn Asia Miles on your next flight)

Asia Miles Per Hour

Odoric: 0.44

You: 957

(click here to learn more about how you can earn Asia Miles on your next flight)


Odoric: Meeting cannibals, carrying martyr bones, visiting Maharajahs and Khans…

You: 1,000+ hours of inflight entertainment including movies, TV and music

Stranger Than Fiction

Odoric told of the spectacular things he’d seen: but sometimes his reports took on a more dubious nature.

Illustrations: Lok Wong

Woolly Hens in Fuzhou, China

‘Here be seen the biggest cocks in the world, and all their hens are as white as snow, having wool instead of feathers, like sheep’

Giant Tortoises in Vietnam

‘I saw a tortoise as big as the dome of St Anthony’s at Padua – at least 40 foot in diameter’

Illustrations: Lok Wong

Giant Rats in Mumbai, India

‘Here be found sundry beasts… bats as big as pigeons, and rats as big as dogs. And for this reason, rats are caught by dogs’

Salty Hills in Tabriz, Iran

‘Near that city is a mountain of salt, which furnisheth great store of salt for the whole place. And of this salt, taketh every man as much as he listeth, and payeth nothing’

Illustrations: Lok Wong

Talented Trees in Borneo

‘Here be found trees that produce flour, and some that produce honey, others that produce wine, and others a poison the most deadly that existeth’

Meaty Melons in the Caucasus

‘It is said here grow very large melons. And when these be ripe, they burst, and a little beast is found inside like a small lamb, so that they have both melons and meat!’

Cathay Travell Book


Discovery online brings together all the inspirational travel writing from our two inflight magazines, Discovery and Silkroad. Be sure to look out for the print editions when you next fly with Cathay Pacific or Cathay Dragon.
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